Inadequate sanitation takes a tremendous toll on the quality of peoples’ lives, the environment, and the economy. Without effective sanitation, there is a high risk of epidemic diseases such as cholera, pollution of water supplies and contamination of the surroundings. The requirement for public toilets is increasing exponentially with the economic development, urbanization and floating population. Without proper maintenance, public toilets are useless and a health hazard to the public. People normally keep less hygiene inside public toilets than their personal toilets. Unmanned self-cleaning public toilets are the answer for today’s public sanitation requirements. Its cost and failure rate in the past was very high and people were reluctant to use this technology. However, the developments in the ICT and automation technologies have solved the operational bottle necks, and have created more interest in self-cleaning public toilets. Online monitoring and sensor technologies used in automated toilets have made them one of the most cost effective systems for public sanitation.

Agra is visited by more than 90 lakh tourists per year which includes both foreign and domestic tourists Public sanitation for all has remained the most difficult, elusive challenge that we have not been able to solve yet. The inherent huge costs, absence of dependable labour, unattractive job profile, unpleasantness of wastes and the ever increasing population has had its share in making sanitation a highly neglected and challenging aspect. Agra Smart City has implemented the revolutionary concept of re-engineered toilets by incorporating state-of-the-art technologies to address the challenges associated with sanitation in the society. Agra Smart City has introduced for the first time in the city self-cleaning automated toilets to catalyse better hygiene and sanitation practices.

The automated toilets have already been installed in four locations in ABD area (Fatehabad Road, Bijlighar Junction, Trident Junction and JP junction). Each location has separate toilets for male, female, divyang and transgenders. Within one month of installation more than 1000 people have already used these toilets and have given good feedback about the cleanliness and hygiene and ease of use of these toilets.